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Homeless, Displaced Students & McKinney-Vento

Research and data show that homelessness can have significant, long-term negative effects on children, academically, socially and emotionally. 

  • Students who are homeless students are much  more likely that other students to have to move from one school to another.  School mobility causes interruptions to a child's education and is associated with lower student achievement and increased risk of dropping out of school. 
  • Students who are homeless are at greater risk of being chronically absent.  Chronic absenteeism is associated with lower academic achievement and increased risk of dropping out as students fall farther behind academically.
  • Students who are homeless are at greater risk of not graduating.   (Supporting the Success of Homeless Children and Youth, Department of Education; July 27, 2016)

The federal McKinney-Vento Act defines "homeless children and youths":

  • individuals who lack a fixed, regular, and adequate nighttime residence;
  • children and youths who are sharing the housing of other persons due to loss of housing, economic hardship, or a similar reason; 
  • children who are living in motels, hotels, trailer parks, or camping grounds due to the lack of alternative adequate accommodations; are living in emergency or transitional shelters; or are abandoned in hospitals; 
  • children and youths who have a primary nighttime residence that is a public or private place not designed for or ordinarily used as a regular sleeping accommodation for human beings;
  • children and youths who are living in cars, parks, public spaces, abandoned buildings, substandard housing, bus or train stations, or similar settings; and
  • migratory children.

To learn more about homelessness and the McKinney-Vento Act , please click the link below.