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Homeless, Displaced & McKinney Vento

The McKinney Vento Act

Homelessness Has Significant, Lasting Impacts

Research and data, including surveys of homeless and formerly homeless youth indicate that experiencing homlessess can have significant negative impacts on children academically, socially, and emotionally. 

 

  • Homeless students experience greater school mobility than their non-homeless peers.  School mobility can cause interruptions to a child's education and is associated with lower school achievement and increased risk of dropping out of school. 
  • Homeless Students are a great risk of being chronically absent than their non-homeless peers.  Chronic absenteeism is associated with lower academic achievement and high drop out rates. 
  • Homeless students face significant gaps in high school graduation rates compared to their peers, according to data from the States that disaggregate graduation rates for homeless youths. 

Supporting the Success of Homeless Children and Youth, Department of Educartion; July 27, 2016

 

The McKinney Vento Act defines "homeless children and youths" as--

  • individuals who lack a fixed, regular, and adequate nighttime residence
  • includes children and youths who are sharing the housing of other persons due to loss of housing, economic hardship, or a similar reason 
  • who are living in motels, hotels, trailer parks, or camping grounds due to the lack of alternative adequate accommodations; are living in emergency or transitional shelters; or are abandoned in hospitals 
  • children and youths who have a primary nighttime residence that is a public or private place not designed for or ordinarily used as a regular sleeping accommodation for human beings
  • children and youths who are living in cars, parks, public spaces, abandoned buildings, substandard housing, bus or train stations, or similar settings
  • migratory children

For resources and to learn more about homelessness and the McKinney Vento Act please click on the link below to access the National Center for Homeless Education.